What Is Pneumonia?

Pneumonia is an infection that causes inflammation of the tissue in one or both lungs.

Why does Pneumonia Occur?

Pneumonia occurs when there is a malfunction in your body’s natural resistance allowing bacteria or viruses to invade and multiply within your lungs.

What Causes Pneumonia?

Caused by bacteria or viruses and very often by fungi or parasites.

Caused by Bacteria:

  • Streptococcus – Most common cause of bacterial pneumonia. This bacterium is spherical in shape and commonly found in the nose and throat. 
  • Mycoplasma – Small bacterium that can spread rapidly through the sneeze or cough of the infected person.
  • Legionella – Human pathogenic bacterium.

Caused by Viruses:

  • Influenza Virus: AKA “the flu”
  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV): Contagious virus that causes infection on the respiratory tract.

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Pneumonia?

  • Fever
  • Sweating and shaking chill
  • Cough which is yellow or greenish or bloody mucus in color.
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Loss of appetite and fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Sore throat
  • Sinusitis
  • Tonsilitis
  • Blue-tinged skin, symptoms in children
  • Decreased level of consciousness
  • Convulsions
  • Vomiting and diarrhea

What are the treatments and remedies to cure Pneumonia?

Bacterial infection can be cured by taking antibiotics prescribed by physicians.

Viral infection can be cured at home if you are suffering from fever you can take aspirin, acetaminophen. Cautions do not give aspirin to children.

  • Take more rest
  • Drink plenty of fluid
  • Eat healthy food
  • Practice good hygiene
  • Use humidifier
  • Drink warm beverages 
  • Stay away from toxic like smoke, tobacco

What happens if you don’t get the treatment for your Pneumonia?

  • Bacteremia, bacteria spread into your blood. This can cause septic shock and organ failure.
  • Trouble breathing, you might want to get an external oxygen source to breathe.
  • Fluid buildup between the layers of tissue that line your lungs and chest cavity.
  • Lung abscess Condition where a pocket of pus forms inside or around your lung.
  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), is a severe form of respiratory failure.
  • Lung abscesses. These are pockets of pus that form inside or around the lung. They may need to be drained with surgery
  • Respiratory failure: This requires the use of a breathing machine or ventilator.
  • Sepsis: Condition where the infection gets into the blood and may lead to organ failure.
  • Lungs abscesses
  • Respiratory failure
  • Anxiety
  • Water on the lungs (pleura effusion) – an excess of fluid between the pleura outside the lungs.