What Is Chickenpox?

Chickenpox is a Human-to-human transmission (HHT) disease, also known as varicella. It is an infectious disease caused by the Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV). Most people get this disease during their childhood but it can also occur in adulthood.   

What Causes Chickenpox?

Chickenpox is a viral infection caused by the Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV). A highly contagious virus and a person can get through contact with an infected person. The virus may spread through;

  • Air on coughing and sneezing
  • Saliva
  • Mucus
  • Blister fluid  

What are the Symptoms of Chickenpox?

Commonly seen symptoms of chickenpox is an itchy rash, fluid-filled blisters that appear 10 to 21 days after subjection to your virus. Other signs like;

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Tiredness
  • Loss of appetite

Initially, these symptoms occur before the appearance of blisters. It usually starts from the neck, back, face, and spread throughout the body and even genitals. Red bums become blisters filled with fluid which finally crust and eventually scab over.

What are the treatments and remedies to cure Chickenpox?

  • Do not scratch your blisters it may lead to a secondary bacterial infection.
  • To avoid scratching
  • Wear gloves at night
  • Take a cool bath with baking soda or oatmeal product
  • Wear loose, cotton, or soft clothes
  • Apply skin lotion like calamine
  • Take antihistamines for the itch.
  • Keep your fingernail short
  • If there are spots on the mouth take soothing food or sugar-free popsicles
  • Drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration
  • Take bed rest

What happens if you don’t get the treatment for your Chickenpox?

 Chickenpox is a mild disease. Problems may occur when your immune system is weak and may lead to other complications like a bacterial infection in blisters, joints, and skin.  Other complication like;

  • Encephalitis – Inflammation of the brain
  • Pneumonia
  • Dehydration

When to consult the doctor for Chickenpox?

  • If blisters become infected or filled with puss
  • Difficulty in breathing