What Is Altitude Sickness?

An altitude Sickness situation occurs when you drive quickly to a high elevation or altitude you might not get a sufficient amount of oxygen from high altitudes. This is also called acute mountain sickness (AMS).

What are the types of Altitude Sickness?

  • Acute mountain sickness (AMS)
  • High altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE)
  • High altitude cerebral edema (HACE)

Why Altitude Sickness Occur?

Altitude sickness occur when people visit high altitude too quickly or climbing high peak too rapidly. It doesn’t arise only to climbers or hikers may cause certain individual who visit high altitude spot.

Altitude sickness does occur over 2,500 meters (8,000 ft.)

What Causes Altitude Sickness?

Acute mountain sickness is caused by decreased air pressure and lower oxygen levels at high altitudes.

What are the Symptoms of Altitude Sickness?

  • Headache
  • Faintness
  • Weakness
  • Lack of appetite
  • Shortness of breath
  • Feeling numb
  • Nausea
  • Difficulty in sleeping

What are the treatments and remedies to cure Altitude Sickness?

  • Acetazolamide to treat altitude sickness
  • If you’re suffering from headache take ibuprofen and paracetamol
  • Promethazine if you’re feeling sensation of vomiting
  • If have the symptoms of pulmonary or cerebral edema then this can be treated by steroids
  • Pure oxygen can help a person with serious breathing problems
  • Take some rest
  • Drink lots of water
  • Try not to go any elevated for at least couple of days
  • Some people with personal treating altitude sickness may not require medical care, but those people who are suffering from high-altitude pulmonary edema or high-altitude cerebral edema might require intensive medical care.

What happens if you don’t get the treatment for your Altitude sickness?

If the symptoms of altitude sickness are neglected this could become ominous and can affect brain or lungs.

High altitude cerebral edema (HACE)

High altitude cerebral edema (HACE) is caused due to lack of oxygen which can lead swelling of brain.

Symptoms like

  • Headache
  • Weakness
  • Loss of control
  • Hallucination
  • Feeling lost etc.

High altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE)  

High altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is an accumulation of fluid in the lungs.it is a threatening condition. Symptoms like

  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest congestion
  • Cough
  • Weakness
  • Cyanosis (bluish discoloration of the skin )

The best way to prevent altitude sickness is acclimatization. Acclimatization refers to an individual getting adjusted to certain change in its environment like change in temperature, altitude, humidity. This can help you to lower your chance of getting altitude sickness.

When to consult the doctor?

Severe altitude sickness HACE, HAPE if the symptoms of these sicknesses getting worse you must get to a health care provider immediately

You can check online to find doctors in your area.

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