What is Allergy?

An allergic reaction is also called hypersensitive reaction where person’s immune system gets oversensitive to particular substances. This could be harmless substances in the environment or certain food, insect stings etc.

What are the Types of Allergies?

There are no particular types of allergies but this disease includes,

  • Hay fever
  • Asthma
  • Anaphylaxis
  • Atopic eczema

Why Allergies Occur?

Allergic reaction occurs when human immune system reacts to allergen.

Allergens could be anything like pet’s dander, pet’s hair, food or commonly non-toxic components in the environment.

However, anything can be an allergen. The Immune system fights against foreign substances by producing antibodies to attack the allergens hence the

What Causes Allergies?

  • Some Antibiotics
  • Genetic and environmental factors
  • Dairy products
  • Pets
  • Insect Bites and Stings
  • Gluten
  • Chocolate
  • Dust
  • Moisture
  • Cold Weather
  • Perfumes
  • Paints
  • If someone sneezes near you and you inhale that air.
  • Pollen
  • Animal dander
  • Dust particles
  • Mold
  • Insect stings
  • Certain food
  • Seasonal Allergies
  • Other allergens like certain metals and latex (found in latex gloves)  

What are the Symptoms of Allergies?

  • Irritation in the mouth
  • Stomachache
  • Swelling of the lips and face
  • Inflamed tongue
  • Wheezing
  • Cough
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Itchy skin
  • Sneezing
  • Drippy or blocked nose
  • Inflamed and watery eyes
  • Vomiting
  • Reddish and scratchy rash

These are the symptoms of mild allergic reaction.

  • Anaphylaxis: it is an extreme allergic reaction and symptoms may appear rapidly like
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Falling or loss of consciousness
  • Wheezing
  • Anxiety and distress
  • Rapid heart circulation

What are the treatments and remedies to cure Allergies?

  • Allergy Medicines

Take over the counter medicines in pharmacies by explaining your symptoms to the pharmacist.

Antihistamines are very important medicines for allergies based on the part of your body are afflicted by allergy.

  • Decongestants

Decongestants are going to be used as temporary remedy for a clogged nose triggered by an allergic reaction.

It can be taken as tablets, capsules, nasal sprays or liquids.

Please don’t use them for more than 7 days at a time, because consuming them for a long time can make your symptoms more serious.

  • Ointments and Creams

Red and itchy skin triggered by an allergic reaction can usually be treated with over-the-counter ointments and lotions, such as:

Moisturizing creams to maintain the skin moist and protect it from allergens.

Calamine lotion moisturizer to reduce itchiness.

Steroid treatments to reduce inflammatory reaction.

What happens if you don’t get the treatment for your Allergies?

Untreated allergic reaction can lead to other problems like

  • Sinusitis
  • Ear infection
  • It may also worsen other chronic disease like

Asthma and Atopic eczema (skin disorder)

When to consult the doctor for Allergies?

If the symptom does not go away even after having over the counter meds, then it is time to consult the GP or Allergist.

You can check online to find doctors in your area.

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