What is Acute Kidney Injury?

Acute Kidney Injury (AHI) is where one’s kidneys instantly prevent doing work properly or decrease renal function. AKA acute renal failure (ARF).

What are the types of Acute Kidney Injury?

  • Pre renal
  • Intrinsic renal
  • Post renal

Why Acute Kidney Injury Occur?

It usually occurs because of different acute diseases. It builds up quickly generally in much less than a couple of days.

What Causes Acute Kidney Injury?

  • The majority of instances of AKI are caused by reducing effective blood flow to the kidney.
  • Low blood volume (lack of fluid)
  • Extreme allergic response
  • Heart attack or heart disease
  • Liver failure
  • Too much use of pain pills
  • Glomerulonephritis (injury to the minor filters within your kidneys the glomeruli).   
  • Typically does occur as an effect of urinary system obstacles like clogged urinary catheter and bladder stones.
  • AKI is also caused by Tumor lysis syndrome (cluster of metabolic irregularities which could develop consequence during the therapy of cancer, where a huge number of cancer cells are destroyed off at the same time by the process discharging elements into the blood).

What is the Symptoms of Acute Kidney Injury?

  • Diarrhea
  • Lack of fluids
  • Dilemma
  • Sinusitis
  • Drowsiness
  • Difficulty in  breathing
  • Infection in your legs, ankles, or feet
  • Feeling drowsy or very sick
  • Decrease of cravings
  • Exhaustion
  • Peeing less

What are the treatments and remedies to cure Acute Kidney Injury?

Process of AKI based on what is leading to your disorder and how critical it is.

Diagnosis: Some tests are taken to assess your diagnosis.

  • Blood test
  • Urine test
  • Kidney biopsy
  • AKI is normally diagnosed with a blood test to assess your levels of creatinine.
  • Kidney Dialysis: To clean the urine using a machine.
  • Maximize your consumption of drinking water and other liquids (to prevent dehydration).
  • Take antibiotics if you have an infection or swelling.
  • Stop taking pain pills.

What happens if you don’t get the treatment?

  • It can become chronic and your kidneys will give up doing work completely and can lead to permanent damage.
  • The maximum amount of potassium in the blood can lead to muscle weakness, paralysis, and heart problems.
  • Oedema (swollen ankles, feet and legs)

The right time to consult the doctor?

If you see any of upper symptoms seek emergency care or consult your doctor.

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